BY BBC NEWS,24TH AUG 2018-Scott Morrison is to be Australia’s new prime minister after Malcolm Turnbull was forced out by party rivals in a bruising leadership contest.
Mr Turnbull had been under pressure from poor polling and what he described as an “insurgency” by conservative MPs.
Mr Morrison, the treasurer, won an internal ballot 45-40 over former Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton – who had been Mr Turnbull’s most vocal threat.
Mr Turnbull is the fourth Australian PM in a decade to be ousted internally.
“It has been such a privilege to be the leader of this great nation. I love Australia. I love Australians,” he said on Friday.
Why was Turnbull forced out?
With an election looming, MPs were nervous about the government’s poor opinion polling and recent by-election defeats.
Last week, a row over energy policy ignited long-existing tensions between Mr Turnbull, a moderate, and his party’s conservative wing.
Mr Dutton, a conservative, then unsuccessfully challenged Mr Turnbull on Tuesday, but his narrow defeat only stoked further discord.
Mr Morrison entered the race after Mr Turnbull lost key backers. After a majority of MPs called for a leadership “spill”, Mr Turnbull agreed to step down.
Who is Morrison?
Mr Morrison, a former Tourism Australia official, entered parliament in 2007 and has since held three key ministerial portfolios.
- A social conservative who appeals to the moderate elements of the Liberal party
- Rose to national prominence as immigration minister in Tony Abbott’s government
- Built a reputation as a tough operator in enforcing Australia’s hardline “stop the boats” policy
- Drew criticism over the controversial asylum seeker policies and offshore detention centres
- Seen as a pragmatic, ambitious politician who has long eyed the top job
- The 50-year old father-of-two is a leading religious conservatives and opposed last year’s same-sex marriage bill.
How has everyone reacted?
With a mixture of bemusement, anger and sheer frustration: many have described this week as one of the most chaotic in Australian political history.
In his final press briefing, Mr Turnbull called the week “madness” and thanked his colleagues for choosing Mr Morrison over Mr Dutton.
“We have so much going for us in this country. We have to be proud of it and cherish it,” he said.
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Mr Morrison is yet to speak publicly.
Mr Dutton said: “My course from here is to provide absolute loyalty to Scott Morrison, and make sure we win the election.”
Foreign Minister Julie Bishop was also in the running for the leadership, but did not make it to the final round.
Why is Australian politics so turbulent?
The past decade has been marked by a series of leadership coups, with three other sitting prime ministers deposed by party rivals.
Not a single leader in recent times has succeeded in serving a full three-year term as prime minister.
Under the Australian system, as in the UK, the prime minister is not directly elected by voters but is the leader of the party or coalition that can command a majority in parliament.
But in recent years, prime ministers unpopular in the polls – or with their colleagues – have been swiftly sacrificed from within.